Stroke is one of Australia’s leading causes of disability and death. More than 80% of strokes can be prevented and in 1/3 of cases, survivors are of working age. And for adults who are working in emergency services, it also means a career change.
With stroke figures set to rise to one million Australians by 2050 (more than double the current number), emergency staff should educate themselves about this disease.
What is a stroke?
You might know the effects of a stroke, but it’s important to understand why it happens. A stroke occurs when a blood vessel connected to the brain either suddenly becomes blocked (an ischaemic stroke) or ruptures and begins a bleed (a haemorrhagic stroke). Both can lead to part of the brain dying, followed by sudden impairment.
It causes paralysis of certain parts of the body that’s normally controlled by the region of the brain impacted by the stroke. Other symptoms may include speech problems, having trouble swallowing, vision issues, and cognitive limitations.
But here’s the good news: Strokes are often preventable. You can control the risk factors and reduce the likelihood of it by keeping your blood pressure low, being active, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding smoking.
1/4 risk for men, 1/5 for women, by age 85.
While there isn’t a direct link between emergency staff and higher stroke rates, there isn’t a shortage of reports that detail the culture of substance abuse, poor diet, and associated diseases (like diabetes and high blood pressure).
First responders have been found to rely on alcohol, smoking and junk food, as stress relief. The daily exposure to trauma, death and unimaginable characters send workers reaching for these substances as coping tools. When a knock off means drink symbolises ‘don’t talk to me about work’.
The ongoing pressure of shift work and night hours make routine difficult. Workers might disregard exercise and skip home-cooked meals, which lead to weight gain and constant fatigue.
For emergency services, health after retirement is just as important
In his book Armor Your Self John Marx states 48% of males and 40% of females consume alcohol excessively. His alarming figures are backed up by a host of statistics around mental health, obesity, cancer, and an increased metabolic syndrome (a group of symptoms that includes abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and stroke).
Marx also talks about something called, ‘Blue Trauma Syndrome’ – a spectrum of negative physical, mental, emotional and spiritual health effects, manifested by career law enforcement people.
You can’t see it, touch it and most times, even describe it. But it attacks emergency services workers every day. Often, it’s dismissed as signs of burnout, bad moods and anger. When really, it’s depression, guilt, misery and emotional exhaustion.
The ‘Bucket’ metaphor is something all first responders resonate with. Over the course of a career, workers fill their bucket with ‘stuff’, like death, trauma and tragedy. The bucket overflows with memories, emotions, horrible images, smells, sounds, photos and descriptions.
If it’s not emptied, it spills – breaking point. These memories don’t just go away after retirement. We’ve heard too many harrowing mental health stories in ex-workers.
Prevent stroke, with the help of Emergency Services Health.
Now, and into retirement.
Emergency Services Health makes it easier to stay healthy and happy. Whether you’re actively using dietary support, physiotherapy or complementary therapies or currently managing a chronic health issue, we’re here for you.
From GPs to in-hospital stays, we exist to protect you… like you do, for us.
Please note: some articles on this website are compiled from material obtained externally. Although we make every effort to ensure information is correct at the time of publication, we accept no responsibility for its accuracy. Health-related articles are intended for general information only and should not be interpreted as medical advice. Please consult your doctor. The views expressed in articles are not necessarily those of Emergency Services Health